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Shadowing Tool


Published: 2010-08-28

One in a series of tool cards for teaching improvisation. Part of ICASP's Improvisational Toolkit. Source: A variation of the exercise "Shadowing", devised by Viola Spolin. Spolin, Viola. "Improvisation for the Theater: A Handbook of Teaching and Directing Techniques." Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1963. 177.

Available Files

  • Shadowing_Tool.pdf

    104 KB | application/pdf


Musical improvisation is a crucial model for political, cultural, and ethical dialogue and action.

– Ajay Heble