Skip to Content

The Sound of Freedom: Fragmentation, Improvised Beings, and Canadian Multiculturalism

Paul Watkins

Published: 2012-06-08

In this paper, improvised music and identity are looked at in relation to the movement of multiculturalism in Canada. The paper is an idealization of what Canadian multiculturalism can aspire to be: a gesturing towards a more equal and free society for all its members. An improvised multiculturalism provides one possible template of how we can begin to think about change, and ultimately how we might work towards the notion of what Pierre Elliott Trudeau aptly termed The Just Society.

Available Files

  • sound_of_freedom_watkins.pdf

    184 KB | application/pdf


...partly because I know that’s the only way that we could solve a creative problem [using improvisation with children ranging in abilities] and what doesn’t work is trying to impose a template on the students who are not able to respond to that template.

– Pauline Oliveros (in working with Abilities First)