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Emotional Replay Tool


Published: 2010-08-25

One in a series of tool cards for teaching improvisation. Part of ICASP's Improvisation Toolkit. Source: Based on the game “Emotional Changes,” devised by Viola Spolin.
Spolin, Viola. Improvisation for the Theater: A Handbook of Teaching and Directing
Techniques. Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1963. 24.

Available Files

  • Emotional_Replay_Tool.pdf

    116 KB | application/pdf


So one of the things that improvisation has come to mean in the context of highly technological performance is that improvisation is the last claim to the legitimate presence of a human in the performance of music.

– Bob Ostertag